REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE GOVERNMENT
Delivered at the Fourth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China on March 5, 2021
Li Keqiang，Premier of the State Council
I. A review of Our Work in 2020
Last year was an extraordinary year in the history of the People’s Republic ofChina. Facing the severe combined impact of a sudden coronavirus epidemic and a deep global economic recession, we the Chinese people of all ethnic groups, under the strong leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, responded with tremendous tenacity. We achieved major strategic success in our response to Covid-19 and China was the world’s only major economy to achieve growth. We attained a complete victory in the fight against poverty, and we scored decisive achievements in securing a full victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. Indeed, our achievements, which have won the approval of our people and global recognition, will be remembered in history. Our development goals and tasks for the year were accomplished, and major headway has been made in China’s reform, opening up, and socialist modernization drive
Throughout this fierce battle against Covid-19, the CPC Central Committee putprotecting the people and human life above everything else, with GeneralSecretary Xi Jinping personally taking charge and making response decisions.Thanks to the tireless efforts of all of us, our gains in controlling Covid-19 were continuously consolidated. In response to evolving epidemic dynamics, we made well-timed adjustments to our response approaches. We improved routine control mechanisms and effectively suppressed several local outbreaks of the epidemic. With these actions, we protected the health and safety of the people to the greatest extent possible, and created the conditions for returning to normal life and work.
Last year, we carried out the following work in implementing the decisions
and plans of the Party Central Committee, and to respond to Covid-19 and
advance economic and social development:
1. We formulated and implemented macro policies to meet the urgent needs of market entities and kept the fundamentals of the economy stable.
2. We gave top priority to stabilizing employment and ensuring living standards and effectively safeguarded people’s wellbeing.
3. We made decisive progress in the three critical battles against poverty, pollution and potential risk, achieving major targets and tasks as planned.
4. We continued to advance reform and opening up and further boosted the vitality and momentum of development.
5. We vigorously promoted innovation in science and technology and accelerated industrial transformation and upgrading.
6. We advanced new urbanization and rural revitalization and improved the layout of urban-rural development and development among regions.
7.We stepped up law-based administration, promoted social advancement, and safeguarded social harmony and stability.
We owe our achievements last year to the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, to the sound guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and to the concerted efforts of the Party, the armed forces, and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups. On behalf of the State Council, I wish to express sincere gratitude to all our people, and to all other political parties, people’s organizations, and public figures from all sectors of society. I express sincere appreciation to our fellow countrymen and women in the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions, in Taiwan, and overseas. I also wish to express heartfelt thanks to the governments of other countries, international organizations, and friends across the world who have shown understanding and support for us in China as we pursue modernization.
While recognizing our achievements, we are also keenly aware of the difficulties and challenges before us. As the coronavirus continues to spread around the world, instability and uncertainty are mounting on the international landscape, and the global economy continues to face grave challenges. Domestically, there are still weak links in our work to control Covid-19. The foundation for achieving our country’s economic recovery needs to be further consolidated, impediments to consumer spending remain, and investment growth lacks sustainability. Our MSMEs and self-employed individuals are still finding the going tough, and the pressure in maintaining stable employment is mounting. Our innovation capacity in key areas needs to be improved. Some local governments have serious budgetary deficits. In forestalling and defusing risks in the financial sector and other areas, we face formidable tasks. We still have a long way to go in protecting the environment. And many weaknesses in areas that are important to people’s basic needs wait to be addressed. There is also room for improvement in the work of the government. Both pointless formalities and bureaucratism persist to varying degrees. A small number of officials fail to fulfill their responsibilities and are unwilling or unable tocarry out their duties. Instances of corruption still occur in some sectors. We will face these problems and challenges squarely, make every effort tomake improvements, and do all we can to live up to our people’s expectations.
II. Achievements in the 13th Five-Year Plan Period and Major Targets and Tasks for the 14th Five-Year Plan Period
1—Improving the quality and effectiveness of development and maintaining sustained and healthy economic growth
2—Pursuing innovation-driven development and accelerating modernization of the industrial system
3—Creating a robust domestic market and fostering a new development pattern
4—Advancing rural revitalization across the board and improving the new urbanization strategy
5—Improving regional economic structures and promoting coordinated regionaldevelopment
6—Advancing reform and opening up across the board and bolstering the momentum and vitality of development
7—Promoting green development and ensuring harmony between humanity and nature
8—Improving people’s wellbeing and striving for common prosperity
9—Ensuring both development and security and ushering in a new stage in building a Peaceful China
The year 2021 is of particular importance to China as it pursues the
modernization drive. To accomplish the government’s work for the year, we must, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, do the following:
-follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era;
-implement the guiding principles of the Party’s 19th National Congress and the second through fifth plenary sessions of the 19th Party Central Committee in full;
-act on the general principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability;
-ground our efforts in the new development stage, apply the new development philosophy, and create a new pattern of development;
-pursue high-quality development as the general aim, advance supply
-side structural reform as the main task, and harness reform and innovation as the key source of momentum in our endeavor to meet the fundamental goal of satisfying the people’s growing needs for a better life;
-apply systems thinking;
-consolidate and expand the achievements of the Covid-19 response and economic and social development;
-ensure better coordination in pursuing development and upholding security;
-ensure stability on six key fronts and maintain security in six key areas;
-implement macro policies in a systemic and targeted way;
-keep major economic indicators within an appropriate range;
-continue to expand domestic demand;
-strengthen science and technology to provide strategic support for development;
-pursue higher-standard opening up;
-maintain social harmony and stability.
These efforts will enable us to get off to a good start in the 14th Five-Year Plan period and commemorate the centenary of the CPC with outstanding achievements in development.